Date of Award
Master of Science in Education
The purpose of this study was to examine the changes in relationships among achievement goal orientations, perceived motivational climate, and pre-competitive anxiety, with attention to possible gender and specialty training group differences among collegiate athletes across a competitive season. A sample of 42 (23 male, 19 female) collegiate swimmers and divers, ages 18-23, completed the Achievement Goal Questionnaire for Sport (AGQ-S), the Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire-2 (PMCSQ-2), as well as the Competitive State Anxiety Questionnaire-2D (CSAI-2D) four times over their competitive season. A three-factor (wave X gender X training group) repeated measures MANOVA revealed significant interactions for wave by gender by training group. In addition, results indicated significant main effect differences for wave and specialty training group; however, no main effect was found for gender. Follow-up within subject one-way ANOVAs showed significant differences in the PMCSQ-2 and CSAI-2D subscales over the four waves of data collection. This suggests that these constructs are dynamic and can change over the course of a competitive season.
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