Date of Award
Master of Science
AN ABSTRACT OF THE THESIS OF AMIT SHRESTHA, for the Master of Science degree in MECHANICAL ENGINEERING, presented on July 6th 2009, at the Southern Illinois University at Carbondale. TITLE: DEVELOPMENT AND PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF A MONO-VALVE ENGINE MAJOR PROFESSOR: Dr. Suri Rajan A new Mono-Valve engine head was fabricated and assembled for a standard 4-stroke single cylinder Two-Valve gasoline engine with an aim to achieve an improved air flow characteristics than that of the Two-Valve engine. The Mono-Valve engine has only one valve in the cylinder head with the intake and exhaust ports controlled by an auxiliary Rotary-Valve. The two engines were tested under cold flow motoring conditions at engine speeds ranging from 1000 to 2500 rpm under fully open and half open throttle conditions in order to study and compare their volumetric efficiencies. Variable intake pipe lengths of 8.25, 25.5 and 39 inches were used to study their effect on volumetric efficiencies and in-cylinder pressure characteristics of both the engines. The results of the experiments showed that the average in-cylinder peak pressure, intake and exhaust pressures characteristics are similar for both the engine heads. However, the volumetric efficiency of the new Mono-Valve engine head was found to be 2-7% less than that of the original Two-Valve engine head depending upon the length of the intake pipe. This is mainly due to the opening angle in the Rotary-Valve that mostly controls the duration of the intake and the exhaust processes, and also due to the timing of the opening and closing of the intake and exhaust ports.
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