Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of Science in Education



First Advisor

Malkin, Marjorie


Challenge-based programming as an effective means of increasing life- effectiveness has grown rapidly and been incorporated into many professions. As such it has become increasingly important for research as to its effects be conducted for the good of all. Thanks to the dedication of researchers such as Jim Sibthorp, James T. Neil and others there is an excellent base from which to continue to discover evidence as to the benefits of hands-on experiential programs in an outdoor adventure setting. This study focuses on 35 to 40 students from four countries participating in a two-month challenge based therapeutic recreation program (CTRP) which took place at a training camp for the Irish Peace Keeping Force located in rural Ireland. Students were surveyed at the start of the and again at the conclusion of the program. The goal of this study was to determine if participating in such a program would increase participant's overall life-effectiveness.




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