Date of Award
Master of Science
The objective of this study is to examine the effect of rotational restraints on thermal post-buckling response of sway columns using geometrically nonlinear analysis. The present design approach considers columns to have failed once they buckle. However, the columns under fire load are found to exhibit significant post-buckling strength which could be utilized for more economical design. The past researchers on the nonlinear thermal analysis used isolated columns with idealized support conditions which mean the columns are assumed to be free or fully restrained in the rotation, lateral and, axial directions. However, that is seldom the case in real structures and the restraint at an end of the column depends upon the members connected at that joint. The restraint provided to the column by the members connected at the joint will be in between the free case and fully restrained case. This study incorporates the variation in rotational restraint due to changes in the properties of members connected at the ends of the column. The columns are assumed to be fully restrained in the axial direction. Since the study is being carried out on sway columns, the restraint in the lateral direction is zero.
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