Date of Award
Master of Science
Electrical and Computer Engineering
Network on chips (NoCs) have emerged as a panacea to solve many intercommunication issues that are imposed by the fast growing of VLSI design. NOC have been deployed as a solution for the communication delay between cores, area overhead, power consumption, etc. One of the leading parameters of speeding up the performance of system on chips (SOCs) is the efficiency of scheduling algorithms for the applications running on a SOC. In this thesis we are arguing that a global scheduling view can significantly improve latency in NoCs. This view can be achieved by having the NoC nodes communicate with each other in a predefined application-based fashion; by calculating in advance how many clock cycles the nodes need to execute and transmit packets to the network and how many clock cycles are needed for the packets to travel all the way to the destination through routers (including queuing delay). By knowing that, we could keep some of the cores stay in "Hold-On" state until the right time comes to start transmitting. This technique could lead to reduced congestion and it may guarantee that the cores do not suffer from severe resource contention, e.g. accessing memory. This task is achieved by using a network simulator (such as OPNET) and gathering statistics, so the worst case latency can be determined. Therefore, if NoC nodes can somehow postpone sending packets in a way that does not violate the deadline of their tasks, packet dropping or livelock can be avoided. It is assumed that the NoC nodes here need buffers of their own in order to hold the ready-to-transmit packets and this can be the cost of this approach.
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