In 2021, the Illinois General Assembly for the first time in over five decades was successful in redrawing the boundaries of the districts for the election of Illinois Supreme Court and Appellate Court justices (Judicial District Act of 2021; PA 102-0011 (SB0642). Why after more than fifty years? And what is the impact of the changes? This paper explores those questions and provides some answers. It compares Illinois with the practices of other states which also elect their judges through partisan elections. The paper also raises and discusses several issues which remain about the way judicial selection is done in Illinois.