Magnetization, electrical resistivity, and thermal expansion measurements have been performed on polycrystalline RTSb3 (R=La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Gd, Tb, and Dy; T=Cr, V) samples in order to study their magnetic properties. Depending on the rare-earth element, RTSb3 has been found to have either a purely ferromagnetic (or antiferromagnetic) phase or combination of antiferromagnetic (lower-temperature) and ferromagnetic (higher-temperature) phases. The antiferromagnetic order evolves from the ferromagnetic order as a result of the competition between R3+ and Cr3+ ions. As R is changed from La to Dy, the antiferromagnetic ordering of the R3+ ions becomes more prominent and predominate over the ferromagnetic ordering of Cr3+ for R=Gd, Tb, and Dy. Thermal expansion measurements show that the antiferromagnetic transition accompanies a drop in the sample dimension. The order of the ferromagnetic transition is found to be of the second order.
Leonard, Michael, Saha, Shibaji and Ali, Naushad. "Magnetic Properties of RTSb3." (Apr 1999).