Degree Name

Master of Science

Department or Program

Rehabilitation Counseling


Robertson, Stacia L.


In the last two decades there has been a growing interest surrounding the topic of clean needle exchange programs, the effects they have on injection drug users, their effectiveness in the prevention and spreading of HIV, AIDS and other blood borne pathogens, the cost surrounding the operation of NEPs and SEPs, and their beneficialness on society as a whole. The objective of this research paper is to examine all the aforementioned facets as well as other benefits that stem from NEPs and SEPs. Since injection drug use is driving HIV epidemics in many countries and accounts for almost a third of new infections outside of sub-Saharan Africa, it seems this knowledge is imperative.