Date of Award


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


Educational Psychology

First Advisor


Second Advisor



This study was conducted to determine whether or not there were differences in achievement between males and females across three grade levels in a sample of low-income African-American students. Differences in locus of control orientation were also explored. Grade level and gender effects were also explored. The results failed to show a significant relationship between locus of control and academic achievement in this sample of middle school students. In addition, no main effects for grade level were found for achievement or locus of control orientation. A main effect was found for gender on academic achievement, with females having a higher GPA than males, however no significant relationship was found between gender and locus of control.




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