Date of Award


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


Educational Psychology

First Advisor

Asner-Self, Kimberly


The focus of this study was to examine ethnic identity and coping style as potential factors in the development of Post-Traumatic Stress symptoms. This study obtained information from 381 undergraduate students at various universities and examined these variables using three instruments: the Brief COPE (Carver, 1997), the PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version (Weathers, Litz, Herman, Huska, & Keane, 1993), and the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure (Phinney, 1992). Correlation and multiple regression analyses were used to examine the relationships among these variables. Multivariate analyses of variance (MANOVA) were used to examine differences in ethnic identity, coping style, and Post-Traumatic Stress symptoms between and among the racial groups of the sample. The relevant peer-reviewed literature as well as limitations to this study and future directions for research were discussed.




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