Date of Award


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


Mass Communication and Media Arts

First Advisor

Johnson, Dr. Phylis


During the 1960s in the United States, AM radio stations began broadcasting an underground format. The purpose of this study is to examine the Beaker Street program on Little Rock's KAAY AM-1090. This show presented non-mainstream programming. Disc jockeys supported alternative points of view, while playing underground music. The 50,000-watt directional AM radio signal at night aired KAAY across the Western Hemisphere. The host, engineer Dale Seidenschwarz, was named Clyde Clifford. Research utilized interviews with Seidenschwarz and KAAY employees. Sources included newspapers, magazine, documents, audio recordings and artifacts. Findings reveal a popular, undocumented radio program. This study tells the significant story of a radio program that people remember and listen to today, now on an FM station.




This dissertation is only available for download to the SIUC community. Current SIUC affiliates may also access this paper off campus by searching Dissertations & Theses @ Southern Illinois University Carbondale from ProQuest. Others should contact the interlibrary loan department of your local library or contact ProQuest's Dissertation Express service.