Date of Award


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy



First Advisor

Xiao, Mingqing

Second Advisor

Xu, Dashun


How to handle large multi-dimensional datasets such as hyperspectral images and video information both efficiently and effectively plays an important role in big-data processing. The characteristics of tensor low-rank decomposition in recent years demonstrate the importance of capturing the tensor structure adequately which usually yields efficacious approaches. In this dissertation, we first aim to explore the tensor singular value decomposition (t-SVD) with the nonconvex regularization on the multi-view subspace clustering (MSC) problem, then develop two new tensor decomposition models with the Bayesian inference framework on the tensor completion and tensor robust principal component analysis (TRPCA) and tensor completion (TC) problems. Specifically, the following developments for multi-dimensional datasets under the mathematical tensor framework will be addressed. (1) By utilizing the t-SVD proposed by Kilmer et al. \cite{kilmer2013third}, we unify the Hyper-Laplacian (HL) and exclusive $\ell_{2,1}$ (L21) regularization with Tensor Log-Determinant Rank Minimization (TLD) to identify data clusters from the multiple views' inherent information. Whereby the HL regularization maintains the local geometrical structure that makes the estimation prune to nonlinearities, and the mixed $\ell_{2,1}$ and $\ell_{1,2}$ regularization provides the joint sparsity within-cluster as well as the exclusive sparsity between-cluster. Furthermore, a log-determinant function is used as a tighter tensor rank approximation to discriminate the dimension of features. (2) By considering a tube as an atom of a third-order tensor and constructing a data-driven learning dictionary from the observed noisy data along the tubes of a tensor, we develop a Bayesian dictionary learning model with tensor tubal transformed factorization to identify the underlying low-tubal-rank structure of the tensor substantially with the data-adaptive dictionary for the TRPCA problem. With the defined page-wise operators, an efficient variational Bayesian dictionary learning algorithm is established for TPRCA that enables to update of the posterior distributions along the third dimension simultaneously. (3) With the defined matrix outer product into the tensor decomposition process, we present a new decomposition model for a third-order tensor. The fundamental idea is to decompose tensors mathematically in a compact manner as much as possible. By incorporating the framework of Bayesian probabilistic inference, the new tensor decomposition model on the subtle matrix outer product (BPMOP) is developed for the TC and TRPCA problems. Extensive experiments on synthetic data and real-world datasets are conducted for the multi-view clustering, TC, and TRPCA problems to demonstrate the desirable effectiveness of the proposed approaches, by detailed comparison with currently available results in the literature.




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