Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy
Explaining a phenomenon often requires identification of an underlying relationship between two variables. However, it is common practice in psychological research to sample only a few values of an independent variable. Young, Cole, and Sutherland (2012) showed that this practice can impair model selection in between-subject designs. The current study expands that line of research to within-subjects designs. In two Monte Carlo simulations, model discrimination under systematic sampling of 2, 3, or 4 levels of the IV was compared with that under random uniform sampling and sampling from a Halton sequence. The number of subjects, number of observations per subject, effect size, and between-subject parameter variance in the simulated experiments were also manipulated. Random sampling out-performed the other methods in model discrimination with only small, function-specific costs to parameter estimation. Halton sampling also produced good results but was less consistent. The systematic sampling methods were generally rank-ordered by the number of levels they sampled.
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