Date of Award


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


Electrical and Computer Engineering

First Advisor



This research focuses on the development of a novel adaptive dynamical system approach to vector quantization or clustering based on only ordinary differential equations (ODEs) with potential for a real-time implementation. The ODE-based approach has an advantage in making it possible real-time implementation of the system with either electronic or photonic analog devices. This dynamical system consists of a set of energy functions which create valleys for representing clusters. Each valley represents a cluster of similar input patterns. The proposed system includes a dynamic parameter, called vigilance parameter. This parameter approximately reflects the radius of the generated valleys. Through several examples of different pattern clusters, it is shown that the model can successfully quantize/cluster these types of input patterns. Also, a hardware implementation by photonic and/or electronic analog devices is given In addition, we analyze and study stability of our dynamical system. By discovering the equilibrium points for certain input patterns and analyzing their stability, we have shown the quantizing behavior of the system with respect to its parameters. We also extend our model to include competition mechanism and vigilance dynamics. The competition mechanism causes only one label to be assigned to a group of patterns. The vigilance dynamics adjust vigilance parameter so that the cluster size or the quantizing resolution can be adaptive to the density and distribution of the input patterns. This reduces the burden of re-tuning the vigilance parameter for a given input pattern set and also better represents the input pattern space. The vigilance parameter approximately reflects the radius of the generated valley for each cluster. Making this parameter dynamic allows the bigger cluster to have a bigger radius and as a result a better cluster. Furthermore, an alternative dynamical system to our proposed system is also introduced. This system utilizes sigmoid and competitive functions. Although the results of this system are encouraging, the use of sigmoid function makes analyze and study stability of the system extremely difficult.




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