Master of Science in Education
Department or Program
Becque, Motier D.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of three days of foam rolling on the hamstrings range of motion in comparison with static stretching. Lower extremity injuries are prevalent in strength training and sports today. Poor flexibility has been found to increase the risk of overuse injuries and significantly affect the individual’s level of function and performance. Self myofascial release (SMR), foam rolling, is a recent modality clinically used to increase flexibility. On the other hand, there are few research studies on the technique.
Twenty college students participated in this study. Ten participants were in the static stretching group, while ten participants were in the SMR group. Participants received the treatment three times in one week with at least 48 hours between treatments. The treatments were static stretching and SMR for three minutes of stretching the hamstrings muscles. The wall sit-and-reach test was used to measure hamstrings range of motion. Measurements were made at the beginning of the study and after each treatment.
The acute stretching programs increased hamstrings range of motion in the self myofascial release group (28.9%) and static group (33.2%) respectively. The Group by Time ANOVA for flexibility revealed that there was no main effect of Group (F(1,18) = 3.629, p = 0.0729), but that there was a main effect of Time (F(3,54) = 32.130, p =.0001). At the same time there was no Group by Time interaction (F(3,54) = 1.152, p =.3366). These data suggest that self myofascial release compared to static stretching did not have a greater effect on hamstrings range of motion, but both groups increased range of motion from pretest to posttest.