Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy
Electrical and Computer Engineering
Two-dimensional scan design is an effective BIST architecture that uses multiple scan chains in parallel to test the Circuit Under Test (CUT). Linear Finite State Machines (LFSMs) are often used as on-board Pseudo Random Pattern Generators (PRPGs) in two-dimensional scan designs. However, linear dependencies present in the LFSM generated test-bit sequences adversely affect the resultant fault coverage in two-dimensional scan designs. In this work, we present methods that improve the resultant fault coverage in two-dimensional scan designs through the minimization of linear dependencies. Currently, metric of channel separation and matrix-based metric are used in order to estimate linear dependencies in a CUT. When the underlying sub-circuit (cone) structure of a CUT is available, the matrix-based metric can be used more effectively. Fisrt, we present two methods that use matrix-based metric and minimize the overall linear dependencies in a CUT through explicitly minimizing linear dependencies in the highest number of underlying cones of the CUT. The first method minimizes linear dependencies in a CUT through the selection of an appropriate LFSM structure. On the other hand, the second method synthesizes a phase shifter for a specified LFSM structure such that the overall linear dependencies in a CUT are minimized. However, the underlying structure of a CUT is not always available and in such cases the metric of channel separation can be used more effectively. The metric of channel separation is an empirical measure of linear dependencies and an ad-hoc large channel separation is imposed between the successive scan chains of a two-dimensional scan design in order to minimize the linear dependencies. Present techniques use LFSMs with additional phase shifters (LFSM/PS) as PRPGs in order to obtain desired levels of channel separation. We demonstrate that Generalized LFSRs (GLFSRs) are a better choice as PRPGs compared to LFSM/PS and obtain desired levels of channel separations at a lower hardware cost than the LFSM/PS. Experimental results corroborate the effectiveness of the proposed methods through increased levels of the resultant fault coverage in two-dimensional scan designs.
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