This is Area Services bulletin no. 4 in the series "Human and Community Resources of Southern Illinois," published in the early 1960s. This report was published in 1964 by Southern Illinois University's Division of Area Services and authored by Dr. Ray E. Wakeley, Dr. C. E. Lively, and Bert J. Kellerman. The series was published as a means to assist the economic, social, and cultural development of southern Illinois. This report is an analysis of community health services and information on the number and distribution of physicians in the southernmost 31 counties in Illinois. It provides good insight into the state and availability of medical care in Southern Illinois in the mid 1960s.