This is Student and Area Services bulletin no. 5 in the series "Human and Community Resources of Southern Illinois," published in the early 1960s. This report was published in 1966 by Southern Illinois University's Division of Student and Area Services and authored by Dr. Ray E. Wakeley, Dr. C. E. Lively, and Bert J. Kellerman. The series was published as a means to assist the economic, social, and cultural development of southern Illinois. This report is an analysis of hospitals and nursing homes in the southernmost 31 counties in Illinois. It indicates the number and kinds of hospitals, their distribution in relation to the population, the facilities and services which they offer, and the extent to which they met 1960s-era standards in hospital and nursing home treatment.