Date of Award
Master of Science
Deployment of cameras in Wireless Multimedia Sensor Networks (WMSNs) is crucial in achieving good coverage, accuracy and fault tolerance. With the decreased costs of wireless cameras, WMSNs provide opportunities for redundant camera deployment in order to get multiple disparate views of events. Referred to as multi-perspective coverage (MPC), this thesis proposes an optimal solution for camera deployment that can achieve full MPC for a given region. The solution is based on a Bi-Level mixed integer program (MIP) which works by solving two sub-problems named master and sub-problems. The master problem identifies a solution based on an initial set of points and then calls the sub-problem to cover the uncovered points iteratively. The Bi-Level algorithm is then revised to provide MPC with the minimum cost in Heteregeneous Visual Sensor Networks (VSNs) where cameras may have different price, resolution, Field-of-View (FoV) and Depth-of-Field (DoF). For a given average resolution, area, and variety of camera sensors, we propose a deployment algorithm which minimizes the total cost while guaranteeing 100\% MPC of the area and a minimum resolution. Furthermore, revised Bi-level algorithm provides the flexibility of achieving required resolution on sub-regions for a given region. The numerical results show the superiority of our approach with respect to existing approaches.
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