Date of Award
Master of Science
There is currently an interest in optimizing the structural design to improve materials' strength to weight ratio or improve stiffness for energy absorption. As such, cellular structures are continuously studied and improved. However, it is a well-known fact in the literature that one primary mechanism of failure of a honeycomb is the formation of shear bands. The impacts of these shear bands bring many questions and unknowns, especially when the cellular structures are created with the increasingly popular manufacturing technique of 3D printing. Therefore, understanding the deformations in 3D printed honeycomb structures is necessary to explain the behavior of materials generated through new additive manufacturing techniques and further the knowledge of the deformation localization and, consequently, formations of shear bands in the deformation process of cellular structures.In the first phase of this work, samples with a unit cell regular hexagonal honeycomb format were designed and manufactured using masked-stereolithography (M-SLA). After the curing process, the samples were prepared with a paint application in the format of speckle, and DIC was realized in a compression experiment to identify and analyze the presence of high strain regions indicating the presence of shear bands. A second phase was then conducted, aiming to consider the control and manipulation of the shear band through the utilization of relief holes. The results demonstrated that adding incisions in specific parts of the polymeric honeycomb makes it possible to change its strain spread through the shear band and change its toughness.
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