Date of Award
Master of Science
An exploratory analysis of the trihalomethane (THM) and haloacetic acid (HAA) formation potential (FP) of Cedar Lake in order to produce formation potential curves for both THM and HAA; determine the THMFP and rate constant and compare to previous studies on Cedar Lake; and develop modeling for the formation potential loss of HAA from laboratory analysis of the raw lake water. While extensive modeling approaches have been explored for THM formation on different water sources, not many have been applied to the reservoir that supplies water to the Carbondale Water Treatment Plant and even fewer have explored the formation and modeling of HAA. Data for this study was obtained through laboratory experiment by applying bleach as a substitute for free chlorine to raw water samples obtained from Cedar Lake and quenching the samples at specific time steps to stop the reaction. Samples were then analyzed for THM content using standard method EPA 524.2R4.1 and HAA content using standard method EPA 552.2. The observed peak formation was 641.2701 µg/L for THM and 426.8 µg/L for HAA, but modeling fitted to the laboratory results indicated that a lower FP provided a better fitting of the data. A detailed analysis of the formed THM and HAA compounds indicated that a model produced for each compound resulted in more appropriate fitting by being able to account for the differing reaction rates and limiting factors of each reaction.
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