Date of Award
Master of Science
In this paper, we discuss the need for quantum error correction. We also describe some basic techniques used in quantum error correction which includes decoherence-free subspaces and subsystems. These subspaces and subsystems are described in detail. We also introduce a numerical algorithm that was used previously to search for these decoherence-free subspaces and subsystems under collective error. It is useful to search for them as they can be used to store quantum information. We use this algorithm in some specific examples involving qubits and qutrits. The results of these algorithm are then compared with the error algebra obtained using Young tableaux. We use these results to describe how the specific numerical algorithm can be used for the search of approximate decoherence-free subspaces and subsystems and minimal noise subsystems.
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