© 1999 American Institute of Physics

Published in Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 85 No. 8 (1999) at doi: 10.1063/1.370274


The magnetic phase diagrams of erbium in the magnetic field–temperature plane have been constructed for applied magnetic fields along the a and b axes. For an a-axis applied field our HT phase diagrams determined from magnetization and magnetoresistance data are in good agreement and consistent with that of Jehan et al. for temperatures below 50 K. A splitting of the basal plane Néel temperature (TN) above 3.75 T introduces two new magnetic phases. Also a transition from a fan to a canted fan phase as suggested by Jehan et al. is observed in an increasing field below TC. Our phase diagram for a b-axis applied field constructed from magnetization data is very similar to the phase diagram of Watson and Ali using magnetoresistance measurements. However, the anomaly at 42 K reported by Watson and Ali is not observed in the present study. No splitting of the TN transition is observed in either work for a field applied along the b axis.