© 2002 American Institute of Physics

Published in Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 91 No. 10 (2002) at doi: 10.1063/1.1451306


High purity MnBi low temperature phase has been prepared and analyzed using magnetic measurements and neutron diffraction. The low-temperature phase of the MnBi alloy has a coercivity μ0iHc of 2.0 T at 400 K, and exhibits a positive temperature coefficient from 0 to at least 400 K. The neutron data refinement indicated that the Mn atom changes its spin direction from c axis above room temperature to nearly perpendicular to the c axis at 50 K. A canted magnetic structure has been observed below 200 K. The anisotropy field increases with increasing temperature which gives rise to a high coercivity at the higher temperatures. The anisotropic bonded magnets have maximum energy products (BH)max of 7.7 and 4.6 MGOe at room temperature and 400 K, respectively.