In Ni2MnGa (cubic structure of L21 type) a first order martensitic structural transition, from the parent cubic (austenitic) phase to a low temperature complex tetragonal structure, takes place at TM = 202 K, and ferromagnetic order in the austenitic phase sets at TC = 376 K. In this work, the Mn sites in Ni2MnGa have been partially substituted with magnetic Co and nonmagnetic Cu, and the influence of these substitutions on the structural and magnetic properties of Ni2Mn1−xMxGa (M = Co and Cu) have been studied by XRD and magnetization measurements. X-ray diffraction patterns indicate that the Co doped system possess a highly ordered Heusler alloy L21 type structure for 0.05<x<0.12, and the Cu doped compounds possess L21 structure for 0.05<x<0.10. The ferromagnetic ordering temperature increases with increasing Co concentration for this system, and rapidly decreases with increasing Cu concentration. Both systems show the increase in TM with increasing Co and Cu concentration. (T-x) phase diagrams have been plotted. The results are discussed in terms of 3d-electron concentration variation.
Khan, Mahmud, Dubenko, Igor, Stadler, Shane and Ali, Naushad. "The Structural and Magnetic Properties of Ni2Mn1−xMxGa (M = Co, Cu)." (May 2005).