This paper presents a 5.8 GHz dedicated short range communication (DSRC) CMOS RF-SoC transceiver with digitally controlled RF architecture for China electronic toll collection (ETC) system. The operation of key RF blocks, such as ASK modulator, power amplifier, LNA, and mixer, are directly controlled by digital baseband. Compared with state-of-the-art designs in literature, this work demonstrates remarkable advantages in design simplicity, Tx output peak power, adjacent channel power ratio (ACPR), dynamic range, occupied bandwidth (OBW), bit error rate (BER), and so on.