Date of Award


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


Electrical and Computer Engineering

First Advisor

Anagnostopoulos, Iraklis


Computational demands are continuously increasing, driven by the growing resource demands of applications. At the era of big-data, big-scale applications, and real-time applications, there is an enormous need for quick processing of big amounts of data. To meet these demands, computer systems have shifted towards multi-core solutions. Technology scaling has allowed the incorporation of even larger numbers of transistors and cores into chips. Nevertheless, area constrains, power consumption limitations, and thermal dissipation limit the ability to design and sustain ever increasing chips. To overpassthese limitations, system designers have turned towards the usage of hardware accelerators. These accelerators can take the form of modules attached to each core of a multi-core system, forming a network on chip of cores with attached accelerators. Another option of hardware accelerators are Graphics Processing Units (GPUs). GPUs can be connected through a host-device model with a general purpose system, and are used to off-load parts of a workload to them. Additionally, accelerators can be functionality dedicated units. They can be part of a chip and the main processor can offload specific workloads to the hardware accelerator unit.In this dissertation we present: (a) a microcoded synchronization mechanism for systems with hardware accelerators that provide distributed shared memory, (b) a Streaming Multiprocessor (SM) allocation policy for single application execution on GPUs, (c) an SM allocation policy for concurrent applications that execute on GPUs, and (d) a framework to map neural network (NN) weights to approximate multiplier accuracy levels. Theaforementioned mechanisms coexist in the resource management domain. Specifically, the methodologies introduce ways to boost system performance by using hardware accelerators. In tandem with improved performance, the methodologies explore and balance trade-offs that the use of hardware accelerators introduce.




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