Published in Yang, Y., Zhu, M.M., Wu, L., & Zhou, J. (2007). Biostatistical considerations of the use of genomic DNA reference in microarrays. Proceedings of the 7th IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Bioengineering, 2007. BIBE 2007, 593-600. doi: 10.1109/BIBE.2007.4375621 ©2007 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE. This material is presented to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by authors or by other copyright holders. All persons copying this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by each author's copyright. In most cases, these works may not be reposted without the explicit permission of the copyright holder.


Using genomic DNA as common reference in microarray experiments has recently been tested by different laboratories (2, 3, 5, 7, 9, 20, 24-26). While some reported that experimental results of microarrays using genomic DNA reference conformed nicely to those obtained by cDNA: cDNA co-hybridization method, others acquired poor results. We hypothesized that these conflicting reports could be resolved by biostatistical analyses. To test it, microarray experiments were performed in a 4 proteobacterium Shewanella oneidensis. Pair-wise comparison of three experimental conditions was obtained either by direct cDNA: cDNA co-hybridization, or by indirect calculation through a Shewanella genomic DNA reference. Several major biostatistical techniques were exploited to reduce the amount of inconsistency between both methods and the results were assessed. We discovered that imposing the constraint of minimal number of replicates, logarithmic transformation and random error analyses significantly improved the data quality. These findings could potentially serve as guidelines for microarray data analysis using genomic DNA as reference.