Temporal discounting, the loss in perceived value associated with delayed outcomes, correlates with a number of personality measures, suggesting that an item-level analysis of trait measures might provide a more detailed understanding of discounting. The current report details two studies that investigate the utility of such an item-level analysis. Study 1 demonstrates that discount rates correlate with the overall score as well as with 11 individual items on the Total Self-Control Scale (TSCS). Study 2 demonstrates a correlation between discount rates and the Consideration of Future Consequences (CFC) scale, but not with a measure of general self-efficacy. An item-level analysis of the CFC found that the CFC-Immediate subscale and four individual items correlated with discount rates. Overall, these two studies sketch an initial picture of how item-level analyses of existing trait measures can better inform our understanding of discounting.
Charlton, Shawn R.; Gossett, Bradley D.; and Charlton, Veda A.
"Beyond the Shadow of a Trait: Understanding Discounting Through Item-Level Analysis of Personality Scales,"
The Psychological Record:
4, Article 5.
Available at: http://opensiuc.lib.siu.edu/tpr/vol61/iss4/5