The effects of response topography on stimulus class formation were studied in two experiments. In Experiment 1, 32 college students were assigned to 2 response topographies and 2 stimulus sets, in a 2 × 2 design. Students selected stimuli by either moving a mouse to place an arrow-shaped cursor on the stimulus or pressing a key corresponding to stimulus location. After they learned conditional discriminations EF, DE, CD, BC, and AB and a simple simultaneous discrimination, tests for class formation were conducted. The number of students showing class formation was larger for the group using the mouse. Stimulus set had no effect. Experiment 2 included probes for controlling relations in the baseline and showed that the response topography using the mouse increases the probability of sample-S+ relations, thus increasing the probability of class formation.
Kato, Olivia M.; de Rose, Júlio C.; and Faleiros, Pedro B.
"Topography of Responses in Conditional Discrimination Influences Formation of Equivalence Classes,"
The Psychological Record: Vol. 58
, Article 7.
Available at: http://opensiuc.lib.siu.edu/tpr/vol58/iss2/7