The Stoplight Task, a procedure involving a computer analog of a stoplight, was evaluated for assessing risk taking in humans. Seventeen participants earned points later exchangeable for money by completing a response requirement before the red light appeared on a simulated traffic light. The green light signaled to start responding; it changed to yellow at diffElrent pOints into the response requirement. The yellow light, which varied unpredictably in duration, was eventually replaced with a red light. Participants could stop or continue responding when the yellow light appeared. Stopping protected earnings; completing the response requirement before the red light earned money; continuing but failing to complete the response requirement before the red light appeared could result in money loss with 12.5% or 100% probability. The probability of risk taking (running the yellow) was lower when the probability of monetary loss was 100% and when the yellow light appeared early in the completion of the response requirement. Participants scoring higher on risk-taking and impulsivity personality rating scales behaved 'riskier' in the stoplight task. Potential applications of the Stoplight Task are suggested.
Reilly, Mark P.; Greenwald, Mark K.; and Johanson, Chris-Ellyn
"The Stoplight Task: A Procedure for Assessing Risk Taking in Humans,"
The Psychological Record: Vol. 56
, Article 3.
Available at: http://opensiuc.lib.siu.edu/tpr/vol56/iss2/3