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Document Type

Article

Abstract

Although sport psychology research has revealed differences
in motivational orientation among athletes from various ethnic
groups (Duda, 1985, 1986a; Whitehead, 1986), no work has
addressed the impact of within-group variation in acculturation on
motivational goal perspectives. Multiple regression analyses were
conducted on data generated from young Mexican-American male
(n = 83) and female (n = 80) athletes. Among males, the
acculturation dimensions of media use (f3 = .265, P < .001) and
ethnic social relations (f3 = .188, P < .001) significantly predicted a
task goal perspective, explaining 32% of the variance, whereas
increased ego involvement among female athletes was
significantly predicted by language use (f3 = .336, P < .01) and
ethnic social relations (f3 = -.259, P < .05), accounting for 29% of
the variance. 80th statistical and theoretical explanations are
offered for the observed gender differences. These preliminary
results suggest that acculturation differentially impacts how
Mexican-American male and female athletes derive their
perceptions of competence within the competitive sport setting.

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