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Document Type

Article

Abstract

Various factors have an influence on which coping strategies
are mobilized under specific circumstances, among others, age
and gender. The present paper focuses on the interrelationships
between the ways of coping and some health-related variables in
adolescence. Data were collected among secondary school
students (n = 1039) in Szeged, Hungary: Factor analysis of the
shortened and adapted version of the Ways of Coping
Questionnaire gave a four-factor solution: passive coping,
problem-analyzing coping, risky coping, and support-seeking
coping. Passive and support-seeking ways of coping were more
common among girls, however, this latter way of coping proved to
be a more significant correlate of psychosocial health among
boys. Both among boys and girls, passive and risky coping factors
played a negative role, and problem-analyzing and supportseeking
coping factors played a positive role in psychosocial
health. Findings suggest that maladaptive coping and
psychosocial health problems might form a vicious circle in which
risk-taking as a way of coping might play a central role in
adolescence. When adolescents dispair of their problems, they
often use drugs, smoke, or drink ajcohol. They perceive it,
however, rather as a form of risk-taking or sensation-seeking than
a way of coping. That is why they do not reckon with its
harmfulness and future consequences.

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