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Document Type

Article

Abstract

A previous study by Roche and Barnes (1997) examined the transformation of conditioned sexual arousal in accordance with arbitrary relations. The current research replicated and extended that study by attempting to bring the derived transformation effect under contextual control. In Experiment 1, the functions of hand waving and clapping were first established for two nonsense syllables (called B1 and B2, respectively). Subjects were then exposed to relational pretraining, similar to that employed by Steele and Hayes (1991), in order to establish the contextual functions of Same and Opposite in two arbitrary stimuli Subsequently, subjects were trained in the following relations; Same/A 1-[B1-B2-N1], Same/A 1-[C1-C2-N2], Opposite/A 1-[B1-B2-N1], Opposite/A 1-[C1-C2-N2] (underlined comparison stimuli indicate reinforced choices) from which the following relational responses emerged; Same/B1-C1; Same/B2-C2; Opposite/B1-C2; Opposite/B2-C1. During a testing phase, the stimulus functions established for B1 emerged for C1 in the presence of Same (i.e., the subjects waved) but those established for B2 emerged for C1 in the presence of Opposite (i.e., the subjects clapped). Similarly, the functions of B2 emerged for C2 in the presence of Same (i.e., the subjects clapped), but those established for B1 emerged for C2 in the presence of Opposite (i.e., the subjects waved). Experiment 2 established similar results using respondent eliciting functions in the place of hand clapping and waving.

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