Date of Award
Master of Science
Since the last three decades, several studies have been conducted related to improvement in bearing capacity of pavements, embankments, and shallow foundations resting on geosynthetic reinforced soil. Most of the work has been carried out on single layer soil e.g., sand or clay layer only. Very few studies are available on a double layer soil system; but no study is available on the local soil of Carbondale, Illinois. The present study investigates the physical and engineering properties of a local soil and commonly available sand and improvement in the bearing capacity of a local soil for a rectangular footing by replacing top of the local soil with sand layer and placing geogrids at different depths. Seven tests on the model footing were performed to establish the load versus settlement curves of unreinforced and reinforced soil supporting a rectangular foundation. The improvement in bearing capacity is compared with the bearing capacity of the local soil and double layer unreinforced soil system. The test results focus on the improvement in bearing capacity of local soil and double layer unreinforced soil system in non-dimensional form i.e., BCR (Bearing Capacity Ratio). The results obtained from the present study show that bearing capacity increases significantly with the increasing number of geogrid layers. The bearing capacity for double layer soil increases, by placing three inch sand layer at the top of local soil, was not significant. The bearing capacity of the local soil increased at an average of 7% with three inches sand layer. The bearing capacity for the double layer soil increases with an average of 16.67% using one geogrid layer at interface of soils (i.e., local soil and sand) with u/B equal to 0.67. The bearing capacity for the double layer soil increases with an average of 33.33% while using one geogrid in middle of sand layer having u/B equal to 0.33. The improvement in bearing capacity for double layer soil maintaining u/B equal to 0.33 and h/B equal to 0.33; for two, three and four number geogrid layer were 44.44%, 61.11%, 72.22%, respectively. The results obtained from this research work may be useful for the specific condition or similar type of soil available anywhere to improve the bearing capacity of soil for foundation and pavement design.
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