Date of Award
Master of Science
The role of common metaphors in Acceptance and Commitment Therapy was examined in a 35 min brief online workshop targeted at body image dissatisfaction. Participants consisted of 24 graduate level students who were randomly assigned to either the, "ACT as Usual" or "ACT without Metaphors" treatment condition. The "ACT as Usual" treatment condition incorporated common ACT metaphors into the workshop while the "ACT without Metaphors" utilized alternative exercises and literal explanations. Both of the workshops covered all six core components of ACT and provided the same basic information. Results of the present study indicated that there was a significant difference between pretest and posttest scores for the AAQ-W for both groups and no significant differences between pre and post CFQ-13 and PASTAS scores. Further, results indicate the use of common ACT metaphors did not significantly influence participant's scores. Future research should examine the use of ACT metaphors in a variety of settings and situations in order to determine their utility.
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