Date of Award

5-1-2013

Degree Name

Master of Arts

Department

Philosophy

First Advisor

Hahn, Robert

Abstract

This thesis paper attempts to gain perspectives on three different philosophers by focusing on the fundamental concepts of their philosophical positions. The section on Plato examines the concept of dialectic as it appears in the Republic by distinguishing it from the concept of the hypothetical method, and by understanding these two concepts by means of the equally important concepts of noêsis (intellection) and dianoia (scientific and critical thought). The section on Aristotle focuses on the main concepts of Books I-II of the Nicomachean Ethics, which are happiness, energeia (being-at-work), virtue, and the mean. The section on Marx focuses on the concepts by means of which Marx framed his conception of history.

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