The main objective of this paper is to characterize the pathwise local structure of solutions of semilinear stochastic evolution equations (see’s) and stochastic partial differential equations (spde’s) near stationary solutions. Such characterization is realized through the long-term behavior of the solution field near stationary points. The analysis falls in two parts 1, 2.
In Part 1, we prove general existence and compactness theorems for Ck-cocycles of semilinear see’s and spde’s. Our results cover a large class of semilinear see’s as well as certain semilinear spde’s with Lipschitz and non-Lipschitz terms such as stochastic reaction diffusion equations and the stochastic Burgers equation with additive infinitedimensional noise.
In Part 2, stationary solutions are viewed as cocycle-invariant random points in the infinite-dimensional state space. The pathwise local structure of solutions of semilinear see’s and spde’s near stationary solutions is described in terms of the almost sure longtime behavior of trajectories of the equation in relation to the stationary solution. More specifically, we establish local stable manifold theorems for semilinear see’s and spde’s (Theorems 2.4.1-2.4.4). These results give smooth stable and unstable manifolds in the neighborhood of a hyperbolic stationary solution of the underlying stochastic equation. The stable and unstable manifolds are stationary, live in a stationary tubular neighborhood of the stationary solution and are asymptotically invariant under the stochastic semiflow of the see/spde. Furthermore, the local stable and unstable manifolds intersect transversally at the stationary point, and the unstable manifolds have fixed finite dimension. The proof uses infinite-dimensional multiplicative ergodic theory techniques, interpolation and perfection arguments (Theorem 2.2.1).