Proposed resolutions to the Arab-Israeli water conflict
that fail to consider the introduction of alternative
freshwater sources in the not-too-distant future cannot
be taken seriously. Each of three major forms of
freshwater supply augmentation (the “unconventional
supplies”) is likely to be implemented on a widespread
basis in the region, thereby substantially altering the
regional water balance. These unconventional supplies
are desalination, water imports, and the reclamation of
wastewater. This paper assesses the relevance of the
unconventional supplies in achieving regional
accommodation over shared and scarce freshwater, with
particular attention to the advantages, disadvantages,
and complexities introduced by wastewater reclamation.