Numbers of sauger Stizostedion canadense declined in the Peoria Pool of the Illinois River from the 1970s to the 1990s. Stocking was evaluated as a means of supplementing natural reproduction in the pool. Marked fry were stocked in 1991–1994 (20–176/ha), and marked fingerlings were stocked in 1990–1995 (,1–20/ha). In 1990, fingerlings with a mean total length of 44 mm were stocked in June, and 92-mm fingerlings were stocked in September and October. Relative survival was 4.9:1 in favor of the 44-mm fingerlings. During 1991–1994, relative survival averaged 440:1 for stocked fingerlings (39–61 mm) versus fry. From 1990 to 1995, contribution of stocked saugers to the year-classes averaged 33.9% at age 0. Because of the immigration of wild saugers into Peoria Pool and emigration of stocked and wild fish to other pools, contributions of stocked saugers to individual year-classes decreased each year subsequent to stocking. Mean contribution of stocked saugers at harvestable ages (age 2 and older) was 9.1%. Total contribution of all stocked saugers after 6 years to all year-classes was 22.8%.