Cadmium, a heavy metal pollutant of growing global concern, was investigated for its effect on grain seed viability using Vigna unguiculata. The cowpea seeds were germinated after treatment in solution containing varying concentration of cadmium chloride (CdCl2.H2O). The concentrations of cadmium (Cd) in the solution used for the treatment were 0.00ppm, 0.80ppm, 8.00ppm, 40.00ppm, 100.00ppm and 180.00ppm. The percentage germination at 120 hours germination time and the rate of increment in shoot height between 120 and 168 hours were determined. Results shows that the percentage germination and rate of increment in shoot height decreased as cadmium level in the treatment solution increased. There were however no growth at 100 and 120 ppm. The lethal concentration of cadmium for 50% of the viable seeds (LC50) in the treatment solution appears to be at about 40 ppm.
Egharevba, Henry Omoregie
"Effect of Cadmium on Seed Viability of Vigna unguiculata,"
Ethnobotanical Leaflets: Vol. 2010
, Article 4.
Available at: http://opensiuc.lib.siu.edu/ebl/vol2010/iss4/4