The present paper deals with the status and distribution pattern of medicinal plants in Wildlife Institute of India campus, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India. Based on extensive literature survey, of the total (#605 plants) 63% are medicinal plants. These medicinal plants comprise of 63 trees, 55 shrubs, 208 herbs, 34 climbers, 3 ferns and 10 grasses belong to 94 families. Poaceae, Asteraceae, Cyperaceae and Euphorbiaceae are the largest families and have more than 20 species of medicinal plants. Fabaceae, Asteraceae, Poaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Lamiaceae, Malvaceae, Acanthaceae, Apocynaceae, Caesalpiniaceae, Verbenaceae, Cucurbitaceae and Solanaceae are the dominant families with high species diversity. The nativity of plants shows that 21 species are from Himalayan region and 101 from Indian oriental region, while remaining are from various parts of the world. Pyrus pashia and Rubia cordifolia have the distribution up to cool temperate region among trees and climbers, respectively. Among plant parts, bark, leaves and roots are mainly used for trees, shrubs and climbers, respectively. However, the entire plant of herbs, grasses and sedges and leaves and roots of ferns are used. Most of the species of trees, herbs and climbers are used for diarrhoea/dysentery, shrubs for cough/cold, grasses and sedges for fever and ferns for skin diseases. The conservation efforts have been discussed in the paper.
Adhikari, B. S.; Babu, M. M.; Saklani, P. L.; and Rawat, G. S.
"Medicinal Plants Diversity and their Conservation Status in Wildlife Institute of India (WII) Campus, Dehradun,"
Ethnobotanical Leaflets: Vol. 2010
, Article 6.
Available at: http://opensiuc.lib.siu.edu/ebl/vol2010/iss1/6