India is a rich source of plant flora of 2500 documented species and 600-700 species are having medicinal value1. About 150 are used commercially. It is reported that Western Himalayas are the abode of 50 percent plant drugs mentioned in the British pharmacopoeia. Medicinal plants are used for preventive, promotive and curative purposes. Eighty percent of the ingredients of drug formulation in ayurvedic are plant based2. In compliance with the CBD and WTO, India too has to conserve its natural resources from unfair exploitation3. The survey of the area was conducted during March, 2007- October, 2008. The two tribal communities viz. “Gaddis and Gujjars” were interviewed4-5. These two nomadic communities were asked to identify the plant and tell its use by them. The samples of the plants were crosschecked with the qualified ayurvedic practitioners of the area and some were identified by the author him self. However, Some of the samples were processed and identified with the help of literature available6-7 in the library of Dr. Y.S. Parmar University of Horticulture and forestry Nauni Solan. The plant species of the area have been enumerated below in an alphabetic order. Each species have been provided with scientific name, local name, crude drug preparation (as per details provided by the folklore) and its local use. Twenty seven species of Ethnobotanical use were identified from this backward district of Himachal Pradesh.
Guleria, Vipan and Vasishth, Amol
"Ethnobotanical Uses of Wild Medicinal Plants by Guddi and Gujjar Tribes of Himachal Pradesh,"
9, Article 8.
Available at: http://opensiuc.lib.siu.edu/ebl/vol2009/iss9/8