Fish catching with the aid of plants and their parts is an ancient practice. The rural communities of Nepal collect piscicidal plants and their parts from various habitats, such as forest, scrub, grassland, cultivated fields, wetlands and riverbanks and use them following traditional methods and practices to stupefy fish. However, at present, the piscicidal plants and their ethenobotanical information are being eroded as a result of haphazard exploitation of resources, habitat destruction and land use change (Joshi and Joshi, 2005). The loss of traditional knowledge within cultures undergoing rapid change is just as irreversiable as the loss of species (Joshi and Joshi, 2004). Hence, priority should be given to document the useful plants and their uses along with indigenous knowledge, methods and practices. Though some ethnobotanical initiatives related to the piscicidal plants have already taken (Bhandary and Shrestha, 1982; Joshi and Joshi, 2005a; Karki and Rai, 1982; Regmi and Karna, 1989; Manandhar, 1989), less priority has been given to the systematic and comprehensive enumeration of these species and their conservation in an integrated manner. Therefore, an attempt has been made to document and enumerate the piscicidal plants with exising traditional uses and practices.
Joshi, Ananda R. and Joshi, Kunjani
"Piscicidal Plants of Nepal: Checklist, Ethnobotanical Uses and Indigenous Practices,"
1, Article 37.
Available at: http://opensiuc.lib.siu.edu/ebl/vol2006/iss1/37