Published in Chevalier, L.R., McCann, C. D., 2008, Feasibility of calcium peroxide as an oxygen releasing compound in treatment walls, International Journal of Environment and Waste Management, 2(3): 245-256. doi: 10.1504/IJEWM.2008.018246


This research investigates the use of a proprietary formulation of powdered calcium peroxide (PermeOx PlusĀ®) as an oxygen releasing compound in a treatment wall. Laboratory scale column studies evaluated the release of oxygen and the permeability effects resulting from a treatment wall mixture of the calcium peroxide and a representative aquifer sand (40-mesh Unimin sand). The mixtures evaluated ranged from 0.1 to 1.0 percent by weight. Influent water was prepared at an average dissolved oxygen concentration of 3.1 mg/L and pumped into the treatment wall soil at a constant rate of 0.17 cm3/sec (0.53 ft3/day) to simulate ground water dissolved oxygen and flow conditions. The average changes in relative permeability for mixtures of 0.1%, 0.5% and 1.0% calcium peroxide by weight were 65.6%, 66.1% and 77.1%, respectively. The peak dissolved oxygen levels in the same mixtures were 5.9, 7.40, and 10.7 mg/L, respectively.